Basic Guide to Fabric
Understanding the difference between woven verses knit fabric can be confusing. Here is a basic guide of classic fabric types and terms to help you make better choices while shopping online for fabrics.
Woven fabrics are non-stretchy and made up of threads that are horizontal and vertical.
Knit fabric is stretchy and created by intertwining threads looping back and forth.
- Cotton – woven cotton is a natural fiber comes in many different weights from light-weight to heavy. It is versatile and can be used for shirts, skirts, trousers, jeans and bags. Fabrics like denim and corduroy are generally made from cotton.
- Cotton jersey – knitted by machine from fine cotton thread. It’s stretchy and comfortable to wear, but not as easy to sew as woven fabric.
- Linen – woven linen is easy to sew and comes in a variety of weights. It is often blended with cotton and used to make summer clothes, but it does wrinkle easy.
- Silk – woven fabric used for lingerie, blouses and dresses. Soft and delicate to the touch and very light weight.
- Spandex – synthetic stretchy fabric used to create form fitting clothes that move with ease.
- Wool – can be knitted or woven. Wool fabrics are heavier weight and often made into suits, coats, skirts and trousers.
Polyester and polycotton – synthetic woven fabric that is generally light-weight and crease resistant. Polycotton is a blend of polyester and cotton.